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What are the Crucial Skills of a Full Stack Developer?

According to recent reports from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), developers are among the fastest-growing occupations. It stands to reason that with full-stack developers, who have a thorough understanding of every aspect of the web development process, these numbers may only look better. The increasing demand for full-stack developers has also been seen across reports from India.

Before we delve deep into what are some of the vital full-stack developer skills, it will be worthwhile to spend some time to understand who a full-stack developer really is.

Who is a full-stack developer?

To understand the role of a full-stack developer, we would need to begin with the essential components of any web or application development. The two essential components of website development include the front-end and the back-end.

The front-end has to do with the user interface while the backend includes the business logic, storage of data and the place where the solution runs, namely the server. A full-stack developer is equipped to work on the entire stack of an application – its frontend as well as its backend. S/he is fully capable of translating user requirements into the system architecture and keeps all aspects running smoothly.

What are some of the full-stack developer skills, 2021?

It takes a certain set of skills to build a career as a full stack developer. These include both technical and soft skills.

Technical Skills

Front-end technology:

A full-stack developer needs to have a strong command of essential front-end technologies such as Hypertext Markup Language or HTML as it is popularly called, as well as Cascading Style Sheets or CSS. Both HTML and CSS have a strong role to play in the look and feel of a website as well as in creating interactive and intuitive applications. In addition, a full-stack developer has in-depth knowledge of Javascript. Knowledge of third-party libraries like jQuery, LESS, Angular and React JS is also desirable

Git:

This refers to an open-source ”distributed version control system” that promises speed and efficiency for projects. Git ensures that developers can track any changes made to the application or the website code. Armed with the knowledge of Git, a full stack developer can coordinate with their teams efficiently.

Backend Languages:

Developing the backend involves the developer arming himself with some of the following languages:

PHP-

An open-source language that can work across platforms.

Python-

Easy syntax and a number of libraries and frameworks adds to its popularity

Ruby-

Backed by excellent documentation, it is the choice of many

Java-

With the ease of coding and safety features, it is a popular coding language.

.Net-

You can build robust, secure applications with the .net framework

Web architecture:

Full-stack developers need to be fully equipped with detailed web architecture- the framework that comprises the relationships and interactions between application components. From structuring code to structuring data, they need to have a thorough knowledge of the same.

REST and HTTP:

Standing for “REpresentational State Transfer”, REST is an architectural style for distributed hypermedia systems. Simply put, it is an application-programming interface that acts as a link between the frontend and the backend. HTTP is a protocol that allows the fetching of resources and is the foundation of any data exchange on the web. Both REST and HTTP are integral to full-stack development and the developer needs to thoroughly master both.

Database Storage:

Full-stack developers need to be proficient in all aspects of database storage. They also need to have the ability to design and understand database queries. MySQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQLServer are widely used for database management. In addition, knowledge of caching mechanisms like varnish, Memcached, Redis is an added advantage.

Design Skills:

A full-stack developer also needs to also equip himself with basic design skills and principles such as UI& UX design, prototypes, scalability and more.

NPM:

NPM is an online repository for the publishing of open-source Node.js projects. It is also a command-line utility; it helps in package installation, version management, and dependency management. Equipped with the knowledge of NPM, a full stack developer can manage dependency conflicts.

Soft Skills

Last, but definitely not the least, apart from technical skills, full-stack developers also need the relevant soft skills, such as:

Creative thinking

Problem-solving

Attention to detail

Analytical bent of mind

Communication

Patience

Time management skills

Explore the opportunity to grow your full-stack developer skill set to build a promising career.

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