A Comprehensive Guide to Full Stack Development

We know that the current job industry is abuzz with full-stack development. As per LinkedIn’s Emerging Job Report of 2020, this in-demand technical job role currently ranks fourth, owing to the 21st-century upsurge in technological innovation. The scope for aspiring professionals with experience in software coding and building websites is exponential. The hiring trend in this domain has been increasing by 35% annually since 2015.

What is Full Stack Development?

Full Stack Developer is a person who has a developer’s expertise across two different technical skills. Let’s have a look:

Front-end web development

In this skill set, the developer must know how information should appear on a desktop website and/or mobile browser. S/he must be well-versed with HTML, CSS and JavaScript.
To make the interface user-friendly with the help of software such as Photoshop, front-end web development involves understanding of text positioning, fonts, color and image placement. For that, the developer should have additional expertise in user experience design.

Back-end web development

The role of a back-end web developer involves understanding and writing of complex script languages such as Python, PHP and Ruby. These languages enable the developer to implement data through algorithms and business logic.
In a nutshell, the role of a full stack developer involves the expertise of front-end development as well as back-end development. The professionals in this macroscopic field generally undertake the role of using databases, creating user-friendly websites and working along the planning phase of a company’s clientele.

Full Stack Development: A deep dive into Basics & Frameworks

1. Basics of Full Stack Development

HTML and CSS lay the building blocks of every website and application.

  • HTML:
    It stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is not a programming language and only enables the developer to create sections and provide links or backlinks. As you only have to understand simple code structure, it does not require a steep learning curve.

  • CSS:
    Also known as Cascading Style Sheets, it is used in formatting a webpage’s layout. It allows the developer to manipulate the text size, colour, font, background images and so on.

    Following the above, the full-stack developer has to understand and use programming languages such as JavaScript and Python.

  • JavaScript:
    It is the most popular cross-platform programming language enabling the developer to create fast-responding websites via front-end and back-end software.

  • Python:
    This scripting language is easy to understand with less punctuation and can be integrated with Java and C, among other programming languages.

2. Front-end and back-end frameworks

Once the foundational knowledge is conceptualized, the Full Stack Developer has to cover different types of framework for front-end as well as back-end web development.

  • Front-end framework:
    Angular and React are among the current platforms used for front-end web development. Angular is a JavaScript framework developed by Google. It helps in determining how an application should be structured through templates in HTML and other components. On the other hand, React is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook. It helps in composing complex but user-friendly interfaces.

  • Back-end framework:
    As the back-end web developer has to deal with the server of a company website, the framework for this role involves the execution of Django and Node.js frameworks. Django is an open-source framework based on Python’s programming language. It is known for eliminating general security errors. It also helps developers to complete applications in a much faster way.
    Conversely, Node.js is based on JavaScript and utilizes the same coding language for both back-end and front-end development, ideal for learning and time management. Frameworks other than Node.js require the implementation of coding separately in different languages for front-end and back-end development.

Benefits of having a Full Stack Developer in a company.


A full-stack developer works on both front-end and back-end development for a single project. For a company, this complex role is economically beneficial, as it does not have to pay for multiple developers.

Saving time with continuous assessment

A full-stack developer is more valuable for an organization, as s/he can assess the technical pitfalls while implementing different coding languages for back-end and front-end frameworks.

Unique & versatile

With knowledge of different coding processes, a full stack developer is able to create complex codes for a variety of applications in an organisation.

How to become a Full Stack Developer?

If you are aspiring to become a Full Stack Developer, check out Xebia Academy’s 20-week Full Stack Development course. With guaranteed placements, we offer in-depth tutorials focusing on experiential instructions virtually.

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